Ancient Chinese Civilizations Zhou (Chou) Dynasty (1046 – 256 BC)
The Span of the Zhou (Chou) Dynasty is Generally divided into Western Zhou (1046-771 BC) and Eastern Zhou (771-221 BC), Although the latter is further Split to the Spring and Autumn Period (771-476 BC) and the Warring States Period (476-221 BC). The Zhou coexisted with the Shang Dynasty for several years and had their very own nation western from Shang land in the modern Shaanxi province before beating the last Shang king and establishing themselves as the newest Chinese ruling dynasty at 1046 BC.
The Zhou Dynasty ruled ancient China for nearly a century and introduced far-reaching cultural and political influences that significantly influenced the history of China. The Zhou legitimized their rule from the Mandate from Heaven, a divine right to rule that was given or obtained by paradise god Tian along with the concept that was later embraced by the Chinese emperors. The Zhou Dynasty introduced a political strategy very similar to medieval feudalism. The throne following king’s departure was inherited from the earliest man descendant (with few exceptions), although all younger boys were founders of cadet branches and were allowed fiefdoms. The property was granted additionally to nobles in exchange for military aid. Hence was created a variety of feudal states and the Zhou kings held just minimal power.
The capital city nearby the Xi’an was transferred after it had been sacked from the western barbarian tribes eastward to Luoyang in 771 BC. Henceforth the Zhou Dynasty Is Often Known as the Eastern Zhou Dynasty that is headquartered in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period.
The ability of the Zhou kings started to decrease throughout the Spring and Autumn Period or Chunqiu (771-476 BC), although the regional lords fought for supremacy. Regardless of the decline of imperial power, the Spring and Autumn Period has been the period of”hundred colleges and ideas” and the span of Confucius, Laozi, Mozi and a number of other fantastic philosophers and thinkers. The period also saw the building of large irrigation and water-control jobs, canals, streets in addition to long protective walls.
The tiny countries merged into many bigger states and seven big nations rose to prominence from the 3rd century BC: Qi, Chu, Yan, Han, Zhao, Wei and Qin. The Qin conquered another nation by 221 BC when Qin Shi Huang unified China under his jurisdiction and began the Imperial Period. The Zhou Dynasty came to a conclusion before Qui Shi Huang’s success – the final Zhou king died in 256 BC, although his sons didn’t emphasize the minimal names King of China.