Xia Dynasty (c. 2100 – 1600 BC)
According to the Chinese historian Sima Qian (145 – 90 BC), the initial Chinese ruler has been the mythical Yellow Emperor or even Huang-di. He had been among those mythical Five Emperors who ruled during the period beyond the Xia Dynasty. Yellow Emperor and his successors Zhuanxu, Emperor Ku, Emperor Yao and Emperor Shuh are credited with the introduction of governmental associations, coined money, composing, the compass and lots of other critical inventions.
Xia Dynasty is the first Chinese dynasty mentioned in written sources but its true existence remains an issue of debate. According to the legend the Xia Dynasty was set up by Yu or Yu the Great in the 21st century BC. Yu the Great allegedly saved China by introducing the method of flood management along with a hereditary system of principle. The heritage titles 16 rulers of the Xia Dynasty which finish with Jie. The principle of the Xia Dynasty ended with a rebellion headed by Tang of Shang Dynasty who substituted the Xia Dynasty as the Chinese ruling dynasty in the 16th century BC.