Now’s knowledge regarding the Civilization virtually solely based on archeological finds. Regrettably, a lot remains unknown involving both collapse and origin of the Indus Valley Civilization. It’s unsure whether Indus Valley Civilization consisted of many independent city-states also it was a centralized state. Indus Valley Civilization composing system consisting of 250 to 500 characters hasn’t been fully deciphered yet.
The occurrence of Indus Valley Civilization among the first world’s civilizations has been verified from the 20th century but the ruins of Harappa were described in the 19th century. Since the earliest and most significant finds, for example, both cities – Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were found close to the Indus River the culture had been named following the Indus River although afterwards archaeological excavations revealed it really spread much beyond the Indus Valley.
The northwestern and northern Indian subcontinent went through a significant shift in the center of the 2nd century BC. Indus Valley Civilization eventually collapsed and the area was settled from the Indo-Arians. The group of sacred texts called the Veda comprising four groups: Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda is your principal resource for the background of this northern Indian subcontinent between 1500 and 550 BC. Because of this, the interval between 1500 and 550 BC is often called the Vedic period through that have been created by various kingdoms. The caste system that’s nonetheless identifying for Indian subcontinent has also its source in the Vedic Period.