Ancient Civilizations

Introduction to Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt is one of the first world civilizations situated across the lower Nile or Happy – such as the ancient Egyptians called it, what’s today’s contemporary Egypt. The development and increase of this culture of ancient Egypt are closely intertwined with inadequate all-natural rain to grow plants which compelled the early Egyptians to create artificial irrigation system and also to make the most of the yearly flooding of the Nile that might be exactly foretold. The Nile flood reached its summit in September when the ancient Egyptians celebrated the new year. But aside from the water needed for irrigation the Nile flood also made the neighbouring soil very polluted by washing the wealthy sediments in the Ethiopian Highlands. Irrigation of the land to produce enough food necessary cooperation and cooperation of individuals in addition to great business which finally led to the development of a centralized country organization. The ancient Greek historian Herodotus called Egypt that the”Nile’s present” since the Nile was critical for development of a culture of ancient Egypt. History of ancient Egypt which astonish us with its accomplishments begins with the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt from Menes around year 3000 BC. Menes became the first pharaoh and also the creator of the First Egyptian Dynasty. Ancient Egypt was dominated by 31 dynasties in the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt before the conquest of Alexander the Great in 332 BC, although the background of Egypt is generally divided :

  • Predynastic Period (3100-2950 BC)
  • Early Dynastic Period (2950-2640 BC)
  • Old Kingdom (2640-2134 BC)
  • First Intermediate Period (2134-2040 BC)
  • Middle Kingdom (2040-1650 BC)
  • Second Intermediate Kingdom (1650-1552 BC)
  • New Kingdom (1552-1070 BC)
  • Third Intermediate Period (1070-663 BC)
  • Late Period (663-332 BC)
  • Ptolemaic Dynasty (332 BC – 30 BC)
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