Ancient Civilizations

Cuneiform Script

Mesopotamia is likely best known for inventing composing system. The earliest known writing system – that the pictographic script has been invented by the Sumerians about 3300 BC, while pictographic tablets from Uruk signify the oldest system of composing. Pictographic writing drawing or system pictures and indications of concrete items were predominant until roughly 2900 BC. At some point, the pictograms became more abstract, even though a representation of particular words demanded the introduction of symbols for sounds that caused the growth of partial phonetic script composed of logophonetic and syllabic systems – that the cuneiform script. In precisely the exact same time composing became cursive mostly because of utilizing chlorine pills as a writing material along with a sharpened reed stylus since the writing implement. The signal inventory was decreased from roughly 2,000 signals to 600 signals. The script has been commonly incised on carved reliefs and stele.

                    The Sumerian cuneiform script, c. 2600 BC

The texts written in the cuneiform script contained hymns, prayers, magical incantations, business and personal letters and trades, different lists, legislation, scientific texts including mathematics, astronomy, astrology and medicine, and poems and literature like the famous Epic of Gilgamesh. But, reading and writing of cuneiform script stayed largely restricted to the scribes who gained great power and influence within mostly illiterate society. Cuneiform script spread across the Middle East within the subsequent two millenniums but in addition, it underwent significant changes with time and alterations to languages of those individuals that used the cuneiform script program.

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