Ancient Civilizations

Burial Practices in Ancient Egypt

           funerary mask

Ancient Egyptians believed in an afterlife and a person consisted of their human body and of the spirit – akh (occasionally called ka). The belief based on the certainty that the akh will go back to the body following passing which explains the early Egyptian burial practices that are noteworthy for embalming and mummification of the bodies of their deceased. Embalming and mummification were originally booked just for pharaohs but finally, they became available to all social classes.The practice of mummification in ancient Egypt was quite complexed and heavily depended upon the social standing of the deceased individual. The greater the social status the greater the mummification. The practice of mummification began with the elimination of internal organs through a slit cut in the gut, whereas the brains have been removed via the nose. All eliminated organs except for heart that was abandoned in the entire body were mummified individually and put into so-called canopic jars. The body was subsequently full of resin and assorted herbs and set in a combination of salts known as natron (soda alternative ) for approximately 40 days to wash the body. The mummy was wrapped into linen strips and put into a wooden coffin or stone sarcophagus where it had been buried.Priests conducted religious rituals and ceremonies


Canopic jars

were conducted through the process of mummification in addition to through the burial procedure to correctly prepare the deceased for the afterlife. Ancient Egyptians thought that the dead person must pass certain tests that were performed from the gods one of which was the very crucial the weighing of the heart against the feather of truth before attaining the afterlife presence. According to the early Egyptian certainty, the most significant part of


   Weighing of the heart scene

the soul was that the center – Ib which included records of deeds in the duration of the deceased. The center after departure was weighed against the god of the deceased Anubis. If the heart didn’t weight over the feather of fact the dead person was permitted to the underground kingdom of Osiris but when the center was heavier than the feather it was eaten by the Ammit, the fearsome eater of these hearts. Ancient Egyptians added several magical amulets and also the Book of the Dead that comprised a group of spells and directions for the dead person to assist the deceased to maneuver the weighing of the heart service along with other perils on the trip in the afterlife.

Ancient Egyptians also believed that the deceased desire range of daily items including food in order to”reside” from the afterlife. The kind and volume of burial products greatly varied in the social status of the deceased and from period to period. Wealthy Egyptians were buried with increased number items of higher value such as jewelry and even furniture, even although the ushabti, little statues to do labour for the deceased in the afterlife were inserted in a subsequent period.

  Howard Carter and the mummy of                       Tutankhamun

Such as the standard of embalmment and mummification, value and amount of additional burial products which greatly diverse from social status and interval, the burial sites greatly diverse as well. Social elite and pharaohs through the Early Dynastic Period were buried at the mastabas, flat-roofed rectangular structures with burial chambers deep inside, although the phases of Old and Middle Kingdom were characterized by pyramid construction which attained its height using the Giza Pyramid Complex. However, the construction of pyramids as tombs for pharaohs Started to fall shortly after the building of the Fantastic Pyramid of Giza and the pharaohs of the Middle Kingdom selected the Valley of the Kings as their burial Website. The majority of entrance doorways of the tombs of pharaohs had composed curses warning against going into the tomb.

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