Ancient Civilizations

Art and Architecture of Indus Valley Civilization


Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa were the biggest cities of the Indus Valley Civilization among all (over 100) cities and villages that have been found up to now. It remains unknown whether Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa were two big cities of one empire or capitals of two countries, although some scholars indicate that Harappa triumphed Mohenjo-Daro that was devastated by flooding several times. The plans of the cities show highly advanced ancient culture, although the sewerage and drainage systems across the Indus Valley Civilization would be the most innovative sanitation systems on the planet at that moment.


The town of Mohenjo-Daro was split into two elements – the Citadel and the Lower City. Fortified citadel situated on an artificial mountain in the western flank encompasses big residential construction, enormous granary and also two large assembly halls that indicate the occurrence of central government or management. A good deal of attention drawn the fancy pool measuring 12 meters x 7 meters ( 39 ft x 23 ft ) with a thickness of 2,5 meters (8 ft ) which likely functioned as a public bathroom or some type of tank but it could have been utilized for religious and religious ceremonies and rituals. The residential buildings at the Lower City constructed from sun-dried or stained mud bricks were available just to the interior courtyards, although the rock stairs imply that lots of homes were two stories high. Many homes had little bathrooms and so were well-provided with drains that lined the significant streets. The ruins of Harappa show a similar strategy to Mohenjo-Daro – a fortified citadel on a mountain in the western hemisphere and living quarters around the northwestern part of town.

Children’s toy, Mohenjo-Daro

The stays of sun-dried or stained mud bricks indicate on a dull architectural design. Buildings possibly included cladding wood decoration or carvings along with different substances but there’s any preserved proof. Insight to Indus Valley Civilization culture and arts supply just various sculptures, jewelry, pottery, and terra-cotta, stone and gold figurines. Especially important are a lot of tiny seals predominantly made from steatite which portray many different animals like oxen, crocodiles, elephants, tigers, rhinoceros, etc, although depictions of people are extremely uncommon. Every seal generally included inscriptions from the Indus Valley Civilization script that hasn’t been completely deciphered yet even though the terminology of Indus Valley Civilization was recognized as Dravidian.

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