Ancient Egypt is among the earliest world Cultures Situated Across the lower Nile or Hapy – such as the ancient Egyptians called it, what is today’s modern Egypt.
The emergence and rise of this civilization of ancient Egypt is closely intertwined with insufficient all-natural rain to grow plants which forced the ancient Egyptians to develop artificial irrigation system and also to make the most of the annual floods of the Nile that could be exactly foretold. The flood started every year in mid June in the time of summer solstice when the brightest star of the Canis Major, Sirius became visible just before sunrise. The Nile flood reached its peak in September when the ancient Egyptians celebrated the new year. However, besides the water necessary for irrigation the Nile flood also made the neighboring soil very fertile by washing the wealthy sediments from the Ethiopian Highlands.
Irrigation of the land to produce enough food Necessary collaboration And cooperation of individuals in addition to good organization which eventually led to development of a centralized country organization. Ancient Greek historian Herodotus called Egypt that the”Nile’s present” because the Nile was crucial for emergence of culture of ancient Egypt.
History of ancient Egypt which astonish us with its Achievements begins with the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt by Menes around year 3000 BC. Menes became the first pharaoh and the Founder of the First Egyptian Dynasty. Ancient Egypt was dominated by 31 Dynasties from the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt before the Conquest of Alexander the Great in 332 BC, while the background of Egypt is Usually broken up on:
- Predynastic Period (3100-2950 BC)
- Early Dynastic Period (2950-2640 BC)
- Old Kingdom (2640-2134 BC)
- First Intermediate Period (2134-2040 BC)
- Middle Kingdom (2040-1650 BC)
- Second Intermediate Kingdom (1650-1552 BC)
- New Kingdom (1552-1070 BC)
- Third Intermediate Period (1070-663 BC)
- Late Period (663-332 BC)
- Ptolemaic Dynasty (332 BC – 30 BC)
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